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Human Brain Development

July 10, 2013
baby brain

OMICS Publishing Group is an open access publications which publishes various scientific articles. The main aim of OMICS Group is to expand the new scientific discovers to the entire world.Here OMICS Group provides scientific journals so you can view the latest information about the Journal of Brain disorders & Therapy.

The process of brain development has assisted humans in understanding more about the tasks both genes and the environment play in our growth. This indicates that genetics predisposes us to create in certain ways. But our communications with other people have an important effect on how our predispositions are indicated. In fact, research now reveals that many capacities thought to be set at birth, are actually dependent on a sequence of encounters along with heredity. Both aspects are important for the best possible growth of human brain.

Newborn brain

The raw material of the brain is the nerve cell, known as the neuron. When kids are born, they have nearly all the neurons they will ever have, more than 100 billion of them. The study indicates some neurons are designed after beginning and become healthy with maturity.

During fetal growth, nerves are designed and motivated to form various parts of the brain. As the nerves distinguish, they begin to “specialize” in reaction to chemical signals. This process of growth happens sequentially from the “bottom up,” that is, from the more basic segments of the brain to the more innovative segments. The initial places of the brain to completely develop are the brainstem and midbrain; they regulate the physical processes necessary for life, known as the autonomic functions. At beginning, these lower portions, the neurological system are very well developed.

Newborns’ brains allow kids to do many things, such as breathe, eat, sleep, see, listen to, fragrance, make noise, feelings, and recognize the people close to them. But the majority of brain development and growth occurs after birth, particularly in the higher brain areas involved in regulating feelings, language. Each region controls its allocated features through complicated procedures, often using chemical messengers (such as neurotransmitters and hormones) to help transfer information to other parts of the brain and body.

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