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Strep Throat Complications

June 1, 2013

strep throat complicationsStrep throat, also known as streptococcal pharyngitis, is the most frequent bacterial throat infection. Because most sore throats are due to viruses, strep must be clinically identified by having a test that finds the use of bacteria. Once the illness is clinically diagnosed, strep is typically treated with medications. While anyone can contract strep throat, it mainly impacts children and adolescents between the age groups of 5 and 15.

Problems of strep throat are unusual but can occur, especially if strep throat is not properly handled with medications. Problems can be related either to the strep disease or to our body’s immune response to the disease.

Although unusual, problems can result from the strep disease growing to other parts of the body. Infection can propagate to the:

  •  Middle ear
  •  Sinusitis

Other, more unusual problems include:

  • Disease behind the pharynx
  • Infection of the lymph nodes
  • A peritonsillar abscess
  • Toxic shock syndrome

Problems related to the body’s immune response to strep bacteria:

Sometimes in reaction to a strep infection, the body’s mechanisms will attack healthy cells, causing problems such as rheumatic high temperature, swelling of the kidneys (glomerulonephritis), which are associated with streptococcal attacks (PANDAS).

In unusual situations, without treatment strep may lead to increase in rheumatic fever. Anti-biotic treatment started 9 days after the strep disease started avoiding rheumatic fever.

Glomerulonephritis may happen after affecting with a disease with certain strains of strep bacteria. These attacks may include a strep disease of the skin (such as impetigo) usually during summer season time, or the throat (such as strep throat) usually during the winter season. The condition is relatively unusual and goes away without any therapy. But problems may be created that may require therapy. Treatments for strep disease may not avoid swelling of the kidneys.

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