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Heart Attack Treatment

May 27, 2013

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heart attack treatmentTimely treatment for a heart attack can control damage to the heart muscle. A swift action after noticing the initial symptoms of a heart attack can help in saving the life of an individual. Specific treatments are given instaneously when an individual is shown the signs of suspected heart attack. The treatment begins well ahead of the confirmation of the diagnosis.

Medicines given to treat heart attack are:

Medicines facilitate improvement of blood flow to the patient’s heart, pinning down of blood clotting, and lessening the risk of causing heart attacks in the future. There are different types of medicinal treatment methods available to deal with heart attack:

  • Aspirin: Aspirin reduces blood clots in a significant manner as it helps the patient maintain blood circulation through a narrowed artery.
  • Clot-busting medicines: Also known as Thrombolytics, these drugs help soften a blood clot that prevents the flow of blood circulation to the patient’s heart. As soon as an individual develops heart attack, the patient should be administered with this medicine as it will reduce the damage to the heart of the patient.
  • Superaspirins: This drug is much similar to aspirin and helps in stalling new clots from being formed.
  • Beta blockers: These medicines have the potential to loosen up the heart muscle, slow down the pulse rate and reduce hypertension, making the heart’s function easier. Beta blockers can rein in the amount of heart muscle damage and prevents future heart strokes.
  • Cholesterolcontrolling medications:Administering the drug called Stain can help in reducing the levels of undesired blood cholesterol.
  • Nitroglycerin: This medicine is given to the patient to alleviate the chest pain. This method involves opening up arterial blood vessels, enhancing blood flow to and from the heart.

Surgical and other procedures:

Other than the medicated treatment, the following are the surgical procedures used to treat heart attack

  • Coronary Angioplasty and Stenting:

Emergency angioplasty enables opening up blocked coronary arteries, allowing blood circulation more easily to the heart of the patient. In this procedure, the physician places a thin tube (catheter) in the groin or wrist portion to check the blockage in the coronary arteries.

  •  Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery:

In critical cases, the doctor patient may take up this type of surgery. If the patient is in a position to recover from the heart attack within 3 to 7 days then the surgeon may perform artery bypass surgery. This procedure involves the removal of a healthy vein from the body of the patient. Afterwards the sewed vein is connected with the blocked coronary artery. This type of surgery creates a new avenue for blood to move to the heart muscle.

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Heart Attack Treatment from OMICS Group
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