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Hydrosalpinx & its Treatments

May 24, 2013

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Hydrosalpinx is a medical condition that results in a blocked fallopian tube that is filled with clear fluids. It may cause adverse effects on implantation and pregnancy rates in patients undergoing the treatment of embryo transfer and Vitro Fertilization.  The fallopian tubes normally function to ‘catch’ an egg once in every 30 days as it is discharged from the ovary; the tubes are the common ground for egg and sperm cell and the procedure by which the fertilized egg moves to the uterus. Any damage to this small and sensitive passage could hold back conception and cause pregnancy.

HydrosalpinxUsually, Hydrosalpinx impacts both fallopian tubes (even when only one tube is impacted, there is usually a lingering harm done to the other). Hydrosalpinges (when both pipes are affected) is a very serious way of tubal damage and maternity is usually only obtained with In Vitro Fertilization. IVF bypasses the tubes completely.

Causes of Hydrosalpinx

Hydrosalpinx arises out of a long-untreated infection that has its genesis in the fallopian tubes.  A number of factors may result in Hydrosalpinx, including:

  • Prior cracked appendix.
  • High formation of Tissue buildup due to endometriosis.
  • The residual effects of prior sexually borne diseases, such as gonorrhea or Chlamydia.

Methods of Diagnosis

The following four diagnostic methods help in revealing the problem of Hydrosalpinx:

  • Ultrasound
  • Laparoscopy
  • X-Ray called Hysterosalpingogram (HSG)

Does it have any impact on fertility?

Seriously infected fallopian tubes could have negative fallout on fertility. As a result, the sperm loses the ability to reach the egg for fertilization and the egg cannot be picked up by the tube and an embryo cannot move back to the uterus for implantation.


Traditionally, surgical intervention has proved to be the best option for treating Hydrosalpinx. A surgeon can either repair hydrosalpinx or remove it completely.  With the help of a laparoscope, the surgeon makes a cut into the distal end of the impacted fallopian tube to alleviate the blockage.

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