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Bronchitis & its Treatment

May 10, 2013

Bronchitis &its TreatmentBronchitis is swelling of the bronchial tubes (bronchi), the air passages between the nasal area and the respiratory system. More particularly, bronchitis is when the lining of the bronchial tubes gets inflamed or contaminated. Individuals with bronchitis inhale less air and oxygen into their lungs. Also, people develop complications and find their airways being abundantly covered with mucus or phlegm. This article by OMICS Publishing Group discusses topics on ‘types of bronchitis’, causes of bronchitis, bronchitis identification methods and ‘bronchitis Treatment’.

Types of bronchitis:

There are two types of bronchitis. One is ‘Acute bronchitis’ and other is ‘Chronic bronchitis’.

Acute bronchitis:  This is a disease that contains common symptoms such as cold or viral infection (flu). It generally surfaces in the form of coughing with green sputum, chest pain, and high temperature. At times, the patient may experience difficulty in taking breathing.

Chronic bronchitis:  This disease is a persistent inflammatory condition in the lungs and people who suffer from this ailment find it difficult to breathe. In this stage, mucus-producing coughing stays for a period of 1 month to 3 months in two successive years.  People with chronic bronchitis face different levels of breathing difficulties. This discomfort may get aggravated during the period of winter.

Causes of Bronchitis:

Viruses, parasites, and other contaminants are the source of problem for bronchitis and these have the potential to irritate the bronchial tubes. Most frequently, all these viruses cause cold and flu. Bronchitis is actually a part of the immune reaction to guard against the infection, since additional inflammation forms in the bronchial tubes as the immune system’s activities generate mucus.

Diagnostic methods to identify bronchitis:

There are several diagnostic methods in use to identify bronchitis. If a physician observes the patient to be coughing constantly, he or she may recommend the patient to undergo chest area X-ray test.  Other than this, pulmonary lung function test is one such effective test that is done to assess the functionality of lungs and evaluate the extent of damage done to the lungs.  This test is performed with the help of a device, namely, spirometer to examine whether the patient is suffering from bronchial asthma or emphysema.

Bronchitis Treatment:

People who are affected with bronchitis may be advised to take rest, consume higher amount of liquids and inhale warm and wet air, and take over-the-counter coughing suppressors and pain relievers in order to handle signs and convenience respiration. In reality, there is no specific treatment available to treat bronchitis. However, in most of the cases of bronchitis, the disease can be cured without any need of taking medical treatment.

We have embedded the power point presentation for this topic:

Bronchitis & its Treatment from OMICS Group
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