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Genomic Medicine

April 10, 2013

Introduction:

The sequencing of the human genome and the recognition of links between specific genetic versions and diseases have led to remarkable excitement over the potential of genomics to immediate patient treatment toward more effective or less dangerous treatments. However, stakeholders don’t agree on whether our current knowing of genomic information is ready for medical use. Additionally, some stakeholders are involved that genomic technology will add expenses to the medical proper care system without offering commensurate benefits, while others think that medical proper care expenses could be decreased by determining unnecessary or ineffective treatments.

Genomic details has considerably increased our knowing of disease and the incorporation of genome-based techniques into drug discovery and growth procedures has led to the recent effective growth of a number of new focused therapeutics. However, there continues to be uncertainty over how useful genomic details will be to the larger drug development process, demanding evaluation of the effect of and difficulties for including genome-based techniques.

Realization of Genomic Medicine:

An image displaying the Genomic Mediine• Genomics as a high-throughput, hypothesis-generating analysis technique can supplement conventional low-throughput, hypothesis-testing-based analysis to enhance individual care.

• With confirmed medical application, genomic medication will, over time, be integrated into medical practice.

• Challenges for the field of large-scale genomic medicine include organization of the facilities needed to produce, store, distribute, and understand genomic data; increasing the understanding of sequencing; and guaranteeing patient privacy.

• The research of unusual diseases provides a way of applying the resources and techniques that will later be used in more extensive applications of genomic medicine.

Applications of Genomics based Medicine:

A significant problem is that genomic studies produce much more information than any physician or patient can use, and doctors are usually not likely to order assessments that provide more information than they are looking for. Furthermore, as more tests are conducted, the chance of a false-positive indication improves. For example, many doctors avoid doing a full panel of blood tests when only a particular analyze is needed. However, medical labs regularly execute several assessments when a single analyze is requested because it is more cost-effective.

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