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Civil & Environmental Engineering

March 8, 2013

Introduction:

A professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings is called Civil engineering. One of the Oldest Engineering discipline (after military engineering), Civil Engineering was defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering.

An image displaying the Civil & Environmental EngineeringtThe oldest Civil Engineering is traditionally broken into several sub-disciplines including environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, geophysics, geodesy, earth science, atmospheric sciences, forensic engineering, municipal or urban engineering, water resources engineering, materials engineering, coastal engineering, control engineering, structural engineering, biomechanics, nanotechnology, transportation engineering, surveying, and construction engineering. Civil engineering takes place public and private sector levels.

In the public sector it takes place from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies. Environmental engineering is the integration of science and engineering principles to improve the natural environment like air, water, and/or land resources. Environmental engineering is developed to provide healthy water, air, and land for human habitation (house or home) and for other organisms, and to remediate pollution sites. Environmental engineering is the study technological changes and its impact on the environment.

Environmental engineering involves the management and air pollution control, recycling, waste disposal, radiation protection, industrial hygiene, environmental sustainability, and public health issues as well as a knowledge of environmental engineering law. Environmental engineering includes the study of the environmental impact of proposed construction projects. Environmental engineering consists of designing municipal water supply and industrial wastewater treatment systems, addressing local and worldwide environmental issues; like effects of acid rain, global warming, ozone depletion, water pollution and air pollution from automobile exhausts and industrial sources.

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