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Cancer Diagnosis & Therapy

March 7, 2013

How to deal with Cancer Diagnosis

Cancer Diagnosis starts with a thorough physical exam and a complete medical history. There are several techniques of diagnosing cancer. With developments in technologies that understand cancers better, there is an increase of number of diagnostic tools that can help identify cancers. Laboratory studies of blood, urine can identify abnormalities that may indicate cancer. When a tumor is suspected, imaging tests such as X-rays, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), help doctors determine the cancer’s location and size.

An image showing the cancer diagnosisThere are many Symptoms are Drinking excess alcohol, Excessive sunlight exposure, Genetic problems, Obesity, Radiation, Viruses. The most common diagnostic methods include are Biopsy, Sentinel node biopsy, Endoscopy, Blood tests.

Biopsy is the only way to detect whether you have cancer or not. This is a test where a small sample of tissue is taken from the suspected cancer with the help of a fine tipped needle (fine needle aspiration – FNA).

Endoscopy is a medical procedure that uses an instrument called an endoscope, In this technique a thin, flexible tube with a tiny camera on the end is inserted into the body cavities. This allows the doctors to view the suspicious area.

Blood Tests can be performed to identify the normal blood cells as well as for specific growth indicators.

Diagnosis & Therapy

Based on the type and level of cancer, treatments to reduce the tumor or slow its growth may include some combination of surgery, radiotherapy, hormonal treatment. Therapy aims to cure disease, prolong life, and improve the quality of remaining life after the diagnosis of cancer is confirmed by the appropriate available procedures.

If the cancer is no longer detected, then the patient is said to be in remission. Generally, patients who remain cancer-free for five or more years are considered as cured. Some cancers cannot be cured, but all can be treated, and in many cases the patient will improve.

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